This Week’s Focus
Needed: One more Republican senator to vote “no”
The U.S. Senate is expected to hold a final confirmation vote on Betsy DeVos on Monday or Tuesday. Two Republican senators — Susan Collins of Maine and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska — announced on Feb. 1 that they will vote “no” on DeVos. She is just one Republican “no” vote away from defeat. Underlining how unprecedented and broad the opposition to her is, the last cabinet nominee to be defeated thanks to losing the support of senators from the president’s own party was in 1925. Keep up the pressure! Republican senators are influenced most by their own constituents. Here are the states where phone calls could possibly make a difference. Ask friends and family who live in these states to contact their senators. Watch this new and powerful video we posted on Facebook, and share it with friends and family in Ohio, Colorado and Arizona. Read this important New York Times editorial, “Wanted: One Republican with Integrity, to Defeat Betsy DeVos,” that spells out what is at stake in this fight over her confirmation.
Show your love for public schools on Valentine’s Day
We must rebut Betsy DeVos and other enemies of public education who will paint a false picture of failure to justify their privatization schemes. We’re asking chapter leaders to organize an event or celebration on Tuesday, Feb. 14, to show how and why you love your school. If you haven’t already done so, please sign up online to let us know your school community will participate. If you ask your students to make hearts that describe why they love their school, please display these hearts in your school and send close-up photos of the most moving and powerful hearts (include the age and grade of the student who made it). Or make a short video featuring members of your school community talking about why they love their public school. Or organize a group photo on Feb. 14 with a Valentine’s Day theme. Engage the entire school community in this activity. Need more ideas? Check out these suggestions. Share your photos on social media using the hashtag #PublicSchoolProud and email your best images (large size, horizontal is best, with detailed caption information) to us at email@example.com. Remember, if you plan to take photos of students or their work, please collect signed UFT parent consent forms for the students in advance. Download the UFT consent form. With the very idea of public education under attack, I hope you’ll join us on Valentine’s Day to show your love for your school.
Make your MOSL selections ASAP
Speak with your principal about convening your MOSL committee right away to make selections for the current school year. The deadline for completing most of the selections is Friday, Feb. 17. The committee should consult the new 2016–17 MOSL School-Level Selections Guide for detailed information about the options available. The most time-sensitive MOSL selections are the grade- and subject-level selections. For these selections, the committee decides what assessment, target population and method of measurement will be applied for every grade and subject in the school. Once grade and subject decisions have been made, those selections need to be applied to individual teachers, who often teach more than one grade and subject. Teacher-level decisions do not need to be made by the Feb. 17 deadline. Further guidance on these teacher-level decisions will follow. Remember, schools may use the 80-minute professional development block for MOSL-related work, including discussions with the staff and committee meetings. The MOSL selection process is much simpler than in the past because the state and local measures have been replaced by a single measure with lower stakes. Please note the new Project-Based Learning Assessments and Student Learning Inventories announced in December are not available this school year. For more information, consult the four new DOE MOSL guides: MOSL Supplement Guide for Alternate Assessments; 2016–17 MOSL Supplement Guide for Elementary Schools; 2016–17 MOSL Supplement Guide for Middle Schools; and the 2016–17 MOSL Supplement Guide for High Schools.
Report any oversize classes to your district rep next Tuesday
If you teach in a school that reorganizes for the spring term, do your part to keep class sizes within proper limits. This is not just a contractual right; it’s an educational benefit for students. Report any classes that exceed contractual and other mandated class-size limits to your district representative immediately. Day 1 numbers were due on Tuesday, Jan. 31. Subsequent key reporting dates are Day 6 on Tuesday, Feb. 7, and again on Day 10 on Monday, Feb. 13. Chapter leaders who reported any oversize classes to the UFT by Feb. 7 should continue to work with school administrators during the informal resolution period to eliminate all oversize classes. The union will take any class-size problems unresolved by Feb. 13 directly to arbitration.
Registration is open for the Paraprofessional Festival and Awards Luncheon
Please encourage paraprofessionals in your school to attend the UFT’s Paraprofessional Festival and Awards Luncheon on Saturday, March 18. This event will be held at the New York Hilton Hotel from 7:45 a.m. to 3 p.m. Participants can attend two workshops on social and emotional learning, literacy strategies, cultural awareness and others. Paraprofessionals can earn three hours of professional development credit for attending workshops. This year’s keynote speaker will be Julissa Ferreras, the chair of the City Council Finance Committee. The cost of the luncheon is $25. For a list of workshops and to download the mail-in coupon, see the event listing. The registration deadline is Friday, March 3.
- Check your W-2s for accuracy: W2s were delivered to schools on Tuesday, Jan. 31. Members who are no longer active (as a result of retirement, resignation or termination) had their W-2s mailed to the home address currently on file with the DOE. W-2s for pedagogic per diems also were mailed. W-2s for substitute paraprofessionals went to the school in which they received their Jan. 13 paycheck or paystub. If they did not receive a Jan.13 paycheck or paystub, their W-2s went to the last school in which they received a check immediately prior to Jan. 13. ATRs who pick up their checks at 65 Court St. will get their W-2s there as well. Members can request copies of their W-2s for the last three years or request a correction by logging on to the DOE’s payroll portal beginning in the middle of February. If an address correction is needed, the member must contact HR Connect at 718-935-4000 before the duplicate and/or corrected W-2 is requested. If members have any questions regarding their W-2s, they should call HR Connect. Members will get their 1095-c (proof of health insurance through their employer) with their W-2s.
- Albert Shanker student scholarship deadline now Feb. 10: Make sure high school seniors take advantage of the opportunity to apply for a $5,000 Albert Shanker student scholarship. The scholarship committee has extended the application deadline to Friday, Feb. 10. Each year, the UFT awards $1 million in scholarships to academically excellent and financially eligible New York City public high school seniors through the Albert Shanker College Scholarship Fund. To receive a $5,000 scholarship from the fund, those selected must be accepted and matriculated in a full-time, degree-granting program at an accredited college or university. Please let your school’s college advisers and guidance counselors know about the extended deadline. You can get more information on the scholarship and application materials on the UFT Scholarship Fund page.
- Support your school librarian: If you have librarians in your school, please make sure they are included in all member meetings and that they receive all member materials. It is more important than ever that our librarian colleagues have the opportunity to exercise their voice and participate fully in school and union activities. Don’t forget to invite librarians to chapter meetings, and remember that these members should be included in school-based professional development.
- Seeking educators and parents to be interviewed for #PublicSchoolProud videos: As part of our #PublicSchoolProud campaign, we are looking for dedicated educators and proud public school parents to tell their stories for a video project. We will interview educators about the challenges and rewards of teaching and working in a public school. What are the obstacles your students face? What makes you proud of your students? How do you reach that difficult student? How are you a role model for your students? What lessons have your students taught you? We’ll also interview parents about why they love and support their child’s school. How have teachers and other school staff helped their child reach his or her potential? What hurdles has the school helped the child surmount? What makes their child’s public school special? Fill out this online form to let us know if you’re interested in participating in this project and let us know about colleagues or parents who would be great as well.
- Sabbatical deadlines to be announced soon: Tell your members that the DOE will release the timeline for fall 2017 sabbatical applications in the coming weeks. Members interested in taking a study sabbatical should attend a UFT sabbatical workshop beginning next week. For details on the workshops, including registration information, see the Events Calendar items below.
- Tax deductions for UFT members: According to the IRS, if you are an eligible educator, you can deduct up to $250 of any unreimbursed expenses you paid in 2016 for books, supplies, computer equipment (including related software and services), other equipment and supplementary materials you use in the classroom. Your union dues are also eligible as a miscellaneous deduction. For more information about tax deductions for UFT members and educators, please read our information item or see the IRS website.
- Grief and loss counseling groups: Has a member of your chapter experienced a difficult loss in the last year? The UFT Member Assistance Program (MAP) runs counseling groups to assist members in managing their grief and adjusting to the loss of a family member, significant other, friend or colleague. It’s time to enroll in the winter–spring 2017 series of counseling sessions, which will all be held on Thursdays from 4:30 to 5:45 p.m. The last winter session date is Feb. 9. The spring dates are March 2, 9, 16, 23 and 30. For details and registration information, email MAPinfo@uft.org or call 212-701-9620. Registration is limited. Here is a flier to hang on your UFT bulletin board.
- Apply for PROSE: The PROSE panel is now accepting applications from schools interested in becoming PROSE schools beginning in the 2017–18 school year. Interested chapter leaders can request an application via the online form. The deadline for applications is Friday, March 3. The PROSE program is driven by collaboration and innovation, and the schools that become PROSE schools have opportunities to implement new ideas, share their work with other schools and develop sustainable cultures that respect teachers and all members as professionals. For more information about the program, drop a note to PROSE@uft.org and the team will follow up.
- Follow UFT divisions and departments on Twitter: Did you know various UFT divisions and departments are on Twitter? To get the latest news and information, you can follow the UFT elementary schools division @UFT_Elementary; the UFT middle schools division @UFTMS_Division; the UFT high schools division @UFTTeamHS; the UFT Bronx borough office @BBOUFT; the UFT Brooklyn borough office @UFT_BKOffice; the UFT Manhattan borough office @UFT_MBO; the Special Education department at @UFTSPEDVP; the UFT Safety & Health department at @UFTSafety; the UFT Paraprofessionals Chapter at @UFTParas; representatives from UFT District 75 @D75uft; and the UFT Alliance of Charter Teachers and Staff @UFTACTS.
Salary & Personnel
Excused leave for breast or prostate cancer screening and blood donation: UFT members can receive up to four hours of paid leave to get a mammogram, up to four hours of paid leave for prostate screening, and up to three hours of unpaid leave to give blood. The state Legislature passed the laws granting our members these benefits at the urging of the UFT and our state affiliate NYSUT. A personnel memo issued by the DOE outlines the procedures for UFT members to follow when requesting these leaves.
PROSE meeting on evaluation: Members who teach in PROSE schools are encouraged to attend a special meeting on the teacher evaluation system on Wednesday, Feb. 15 from 4 to 6 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 19th floor, room B. Topics will include a brief overview of the evaluation agreement; a discussion about the new expanded assessment options; and a review of Option PROSE. Register online for this meeting.
Read the DOE guides on teacher evaluation: The new Advance Guide, which was developed by the DOE in consultation with the UFT, is an overview of the teacher evaluation system in place for this school year. The guide provides detailed information on Measures of Teacher Practice (MOTP), flags important timelines and provides additional resources to support teachers. Advance at a Glance is another tool for teachers to use for a quick month-by-month survey of upcoming deadlines in the evaluation cycle.
COPE is the best tool against a state constitutional convention: Make the case for your members about the importance of using our collective voice to strengthen our schools and communities and to improve our working lives. As we roll out our campaign to vote NO to a constitutional convention, remind members that when the stakes are high, UFT COPE is there to fight back against policy proposals that would hurt educators and their families. By contributing to COPE each month, we ensure that our voices are heard by lawmakers and decision-makers on the issues and policies that matter to us. Be sure to explain to members that COPE is funded entirely by voluntary contributions; we do not use any union dues for political action. Let’s get the message out that thanks to UFT COPE, we get results.
A new labor-management committee can help resolve class-size violations: Through a recent arbitration ruling, the UFT gained a new process to find solutions for schools with chronically oversize classes. A joint labor-management committee consisting of three UFT representatives and three DOE representatives will now meet to discuss solutions for schools with an extensive history of oversize classes. For the first time, the UFT and the DOE are required to review issues at schools with a long history of oversize classes before going to arbitration. Schools give up no rights when the committee reviews their cases. If a particular school cannot reach a solution, the UFT can proceed to arbitration. Read the news story on the UFT website.
Health and Safety
Taking care of your eyes: All members are invited to “The Aging Eye: Understanding Changes in Vision,” a lecture hosted by the UFT Welfare Fund Medical Learning Series and presented by Douglas Lazzaro, M.D. Participants will learn the signs, symptoms and treatments for common age-related eye diseases and conditions such as macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, dry eye and low vision. This event will take place on Tuesday, March 28, at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 19th floor, room G from 5:30 to 7 p.m. For more information, see the event listing.
Need to make a safety complaint? We’ve made it easier to let us know of a safety problem in your school. Just go to this web address: www.uft.org/safety-complaint and follow the instructions. Remember: If you believe the situation you are reporting constitutes an emergency, please call the union’s safety hotline at 212-701-9407 for immediate assistance.
FAQ spells out special education and ICT requirements: Special education teachers and related-service providers see firsthand that many students with disabilities are not receiving the services they need. This special education FAQ, created jointly by the DOE and the UFT, spells out the requirements of IEPs, integrated co-teaching and Chapter 408. Please make sure these programs are implemented properly to support students with disabilities in your school. If the procedures outlined in this FAQ are not being followed, please make it part of the agenda for the next consultation committee meeting with your principal. If you can’t resolve the issue through consultation, use this online form to ask your UFT district representative for assistance or file a special education complaint. The Know Your Rights column in the current New York Teacher also focuses on special education issues.
English Language Learners
Free ELL workshop on differentiated instruction: Educators and paraprofessionals of English language learners are invited to attend a free workshop “Differentiating Planning and Implementing Small Group Instruction for English Language Learners,” presented by the UFT and Fordham University. This workshop will take place on Thursday, Feb. 16, from 4:30 to 6:30 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 2nd floor. Participants will learn effective strategies to support the connection between reading comprehension and language development and how to incorporate these into instruction to build students’ speaking and literacy competencies. Participants will receive two CTLE hours. Light refreshments will be served. To register online, see the event listing.
NYSABE annual conference: ELL educators are invited to attend the New York State Association for Bilingual Education annual conference from Thursday, March 2, to Saturday, March 4, at the Crowne Plaza White Plains–Downtown Hotel. This year’s theme is a call to come together in the spirit of collaboration and unity to realize the full potential of bilingual education. For more information, including a list of speakers and online registration, see the event flier.
Last chance to sign up for a free AFT workshop about managing student debt: The UFT and the American Federation of Teachers, our national union, are teaming up to help UFT members get relief from crushing student debt. Members are invited to attend a free workshop about managing student debt in one of the UFT’s five borough offices. These workshops, which are open to all UFT members, will alert you to federal programs that can help you lower your monthly student loan payments or even get your debt forgiven. All remaining workshops will be held next week from 4:30 to 6 p.m. Registration is required. To see the dates and locations of the workshops and to register, go to the online sign-up form.
Professional Learning Opportunities
Free workshops for elementary educators: Elementary educators of grades K-6 are invited to free workshops presented by the Council for Economic Education. K-5 teachers can attend “Using Playdough and Children’s Literature to Teach Personal Finance and Economics” on Wednesday, March 1. Grades 3-6 teachers can attend “Entrepreneurship and the Mini-Economy” on Thursday, March 2. Both workshops will take place from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Science, Industry and Business Library at East 35th Street and Madison Avenue. Lunch will be served. Participants will receive six CEUs. For full workshop descriptions and to register, see the flier.
ASPDP spring semester registration is underway: Tell your members that registration has begun for the spring semester After School Professional Development Program (ASPDP) courses. These low-cost P-credit courses can be applied for a salary differential as well as the state requirement of 100 hours of Continuing Teacher and Leader Education (CTLE). All courses are aligned with the Common Core Learning Standards and the Danielson Framework for Teaching. Courses are taught by DOE instructors as well as nonprofit organizations and cultural institutions such as the Museum of the City of New York. To enroll in a course, register for an ASPDP account and explore the course catalog. For more information and to register, email ASPDP@schools.nyc.gov. Members can sign up for the ASPDP mailing list to receive course updates.
Register for our Early Childhood Education Conference on March 11: Early childhood educators are invited to register for the UFT’s 10th annual Early Childhood Education Conference, which will be held at UFT headquarters on Saturday, March 11 from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. This year’s theme is “Full S.T.E.A.M. Ahead.” The conference will feature a plenary greeting from UFT President Michael Mulgrew and a choice of exciting workshops. Continuing Teacher and Leader Education (CTLE) hours will be provided. Breakfast and a box lunch will be served. There is a fee of $30. The registration and payment deadline is Friday, Feb. 24. For details, including online and mail-in registration information, see the event listing on the UFT website.
Free workshop for interactive storytelling: Early childhood educators are encouraged to speak with their principals about attending a full-day professional development workshop presented by the CUNY Creative Arts Team. During this workshop, facilitators will guide participants through a step-by-step process to help them build an experiential and intellectual understanding of the power of oral storytelling in developing children’s listening, speaking and language skills. The workshop will be held on Thursday, March 16 at the Queens UFT office, 97-77 Queens Blvd., Rego Park., from 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Participants can register online. For more information, see the flier.
Teaching and Learning
Lessons about immigration: The AFT Share My Lesson website has many lessons, webinars and other educational resources about immigration. Teachers can learn how to help, protect and prepare immigrant youth and families for an ICE raid. Immigration Opinions is a game to help elementary students discern bias in views on immigration. Immigration and Citizenship gives middle and high school students an overview of the history of immigration and the naturalization process. You can find many more lessons and webinars on the Share My Lesson website.
Earn CTLE hours by attending LearnUFT sessions: Encourage members to register for LearnUFT work sessions scheduled for next Saturday, Feb. 11 at every UFT borough office. The New York State Board of Regents recently adopted new regulations requiring all teachers who hold professional certificates and paraprofessionals who hold Level III teaching assistant certificates to collect and track 100 professional development hours known as Continuing Teacher and Leader Education (CTLE) hours. As a state-approved provider of CTLE hours, the UFT has launched LearnUFT, which will offer professional learning opportunities at cost specifically designed to meet our members’ needs. These UFT courses are taught by qualified veteran Teacher Center instructors and all certificates of completion will be archived for the duration of each five-year cycle. By completing your CTLE hours with LearnUFT, you can be sure that your records will never be lost or misplaced. See descriptions of the first LearnUFT Saturday work sessions on the UFT website. LearnUFT will offer work sessions in all five borough offices on weekends and during the summer. We will continue to add more options for LearnUFT courses throughout the spring and summer, so please check back.
Resources for supporting social and emotional learning: Teachers are responsible for teaching content, but they also provide stability and reassurance when things are going awry at school and home; they provide families with resources, and they take action to ensure that their students have their basic needs met. The U.S. Department of Education has several resources that educators may find helpful to their work in these areas, including the social-emotional toolkit for children up to age five and the school climate improvement resource package for tips on creating a safe and supportive school community.
UFT film series celebrates Black History Month: Invite your members and friends to join us as we continue our film series celebrating Black History Month. On Monday, Feb. 13 we will screen 13th, a 2016 documentary by Ava DuVernay that explores the nation’s history of racial inequality through the lens of the criminal justice system. The film’s title refers to the 13th Amendment of the constitution. Rising from the Rails: The Story of the Pullman Porter will be shown on Tuesday, Feb. 28. This film chronicles the legacy of Pullman porters, the African-American men who served as caretakers to wealthy, white rail passengers, and shows how A. Philip Randolph led the porters in their 12-year battle to create the first all-black union. Chapter leaders, please post the film series poster on your UFT bulletin board and advise your members to register for the series online. The films, which are free, will be held from 4:30 to 7 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway.
District 11 scholarship dinner dance: We encourage District 11 members to join their colleagues at the inaugural UFT District 11 scholarship dinner dance at Villa Barone Manor on Wednesday, April 26. This event will include a cocktail hour with open bar, dinner and dessert. The cost is $85. RSVP with payment by check by Friday, March 31. For more information and to RSVP, download the flier.
Our Functional Chapters
DOE issues guidance to principals on paras and lunch duty: The Jan. 25 issue of the Principal’s Weekly provided clear-cut guidance to principals concerning paraprofessionals and lunch duty. It specifically states: “Please remember that if an individual student’s IEP requires paraprofessional support including during lunch, the principal or designee must schedule paraprofessional coverage to ensure that the student is appropriately served at all times and that the paraprofessional has a duty-free lunch period. Paraprofessionals must not be used for lunch duty.” Please work with your principal to ensure these rules are followed in your school.
Encourage guidance counselors to attend the 13th annual Guidance Counselors Conference on March 18: Guidance counselors are encouraged to attend the 13th annual Guidance Counselors Conference on Saturday, March 18, from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway. This year’s theme is “School Counselors: Help Students Realize Their Potential.” Our keynote speaker is Terence Houlihan, a school counselor and adjunct professor at Lehman College. Participants will have a choice of workshops including special education, college readiness, bullying and LGBT issues. Vendors will also be on hand to provide school counseling materials. Each attendee will receive a certificate of participation at the end of the conference. To register, see the course catalog.
Celebrate National School Counseling Week 2017: Encourage your chapter to recognize and celebrate the important work school counselors do during National School Counseling Week, Feb. 6 to 10. This year’s theme is “School Counseling: Helping Students Realize Their Potential.”
Court blocks Governor Christie’s plan to cut school funding: New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie’s plan to reduce state aid to urban school districts and sidestep union contracts in state-controlled schools has been dealt a major legal setback, reports the Star Ledger. The state Supreme Court on Jan. 31 declined Christie’s motion to reopen a decades-old court case that guaranteed state financial investment in 31 mostly urban and low-income school districts as well as address bypassing union rules governing teacher layoffs. Christie’s budget proposal would drastically reduce funding to poor districts in favor of a property tax reduction for the majority of the state.
U.S. universities speak out on Trump travel ban: University presidents across the country have expressed alarm about President Trump’s ban on entry into the United States by citizens of seven predominantly Muslim countries, according to the Washington Post. The situation on campuses is uncertain as college officials scramble to account for students and faculty affected by the order, advising those from the countries targeted not to leave the United States and urging the administration to reconsider a policy that threatens to shut out top scholars.
Unions blast Trump Supreme Court nominee: Labor unions reacted strong against Trump’s Jan. 31 nomination of federal appeals court Judge Neal Gorsuch to the U.S. Supreme Court, reports Laborpress. National Education Association President Lily Eskelsen García cited Gorsuch’s record on ruling against public school students with disabilities and noted that he has consistently sided with big business at the expense of working Americans. National Nurses United said Gorsuch ruled against workers in 11 of the 15 employment-law decisions he was involved in.
Saturday, Feb. 4: The 4th annual Middle School Conference will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 pm. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway. Registration is closed.
Saturday, March 11: The 10th annual Early Childhood Education Conference will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway. See the item in Professional Learning Opportunities for details.
Tuesday, Feb. 7: The paraprofessional chapter meeting will be held from 4:30 to 6 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway.
Tuesday, Feb. 7: All Manhattan-based members are invited to a student debt workshop from 4:30 to 6 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 19th floor, room D/E. For more information and to register online, see the item in New Members above.
Tuesday, Feb. 7: Queens parents are invited to a workshop about caring for a person with dementia. This event will be held from 6 to 7:30 p.m. at the Queens UFT office, 97-77 Queens Blvd., Rego Park. Child care will be provided, and refreshments will be served. Participants should RSVP by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org with their name, phone number and whether any children will attend. For more information, see the event listing.
Wednesday, Feb. 8: Teachers with 1-3 years of service are invited to attend a classroom management support and information group from 4 to 6 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 19th floor. Registration has closed.
Wednesday, Feb. 8: The Delegate Assembly will be held from 4:15 to 6 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway, 2nd floor.
Wednesday, Feb. 8: All Brooklyn-based members are invited to attend a student debt workshop from 4:30 to 6 p.m. at the Brooklyn UFT office, 335 Adams St., 24th floor, rooms 1 and 2. For more information and to register online, see the item in New Members above.
Wednesday, Feb. 8: All Queens-based members are invited to attend a student debt workshop from 4:30 to 6 p.m. at the Queens UFT office, 97-77 Queens Blvd., Rego Park, 8th floor, rooms F and G. For more information and to register, see the item in New Members above.
Save the date
Saturday, March 18: The 13th annual Guidance Counselors Conference will take place from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway. For more information, see the event listing and the item in Our Functional Chapters.
Friday, April 28: The 2017 Academic High Schools Celebration will take place at UFT headquarters, 52 Broadway. More details to come.
For more events, go to uft.org/calendar.